8 Common Problems For Grevillea Plants You Should Know About!

Grevillea is an astounding genus of beautiful and versatile plants native to Australia. These plants range from evergreen shrubs to trees with delicate foliage and magnificent, showy flowers. However, despite their diversity and hardy nature, Grevillea is prone to several common problems.

Grevilleas plants are prone to several fungal infections without well-draining soil, including Cercospora, Phyllosticta, Cinnamon fungus, Honey fungus, and Sooty mold. Other common problems include fertilizer toxicity from high phosphorus levels, scale, and pesty caterpillars.

8 Common Problems For Grevillea Plants You Should Know About!

With various forms, growth habits, and colorful blooms, Grevilleas offer something unique, perfect for virtually any garden. Although popular plants, Grevilleas have several common pests and problems, making them difficult to maintain for lengthy times. Here’s the list of what to keep an eye out for when growing Grevilleas.

Common Problems For Grevillea Plants

These Australian showstoppers are well-known garden additions thanks to their quick blooms and low maintenance, aside from pruning. They also generally don’t have significant problems with pests and diseases. However, a few problems can occur if you do not provide an appropriate environment for them, including fungal infections, root rot, fertilizer burns, and scale.

Let’s look into each potential problem to be aware of when caring for Grevillea plants.

1. Cercospora Leaf Spot Fungal Infection

Cercospora leaf spot is a fungal infection common in Grevilleas, especially in humid environments. Grevilleas’ leaves infected by Cercospora generally turn into bronze to light brown, which later develop into fuzzy, gray spore-bearing fruiting bodies.

You’ll generally find that Cercospora initially attacks the inner leaves of the Grevillea plant, later moving to the tips of the branches.

In addition, symptoms of Cercospora leaf spot initially appear as individual, light brown circular spots that progress into yellow to brown, necrotic foliage. The blighted leaves later drop and fall to the ground.

Fungicides are available to treat Cercospora, however, organic fungal treatments like ones used to treat powdery mildew in other plants can often work to treat Cerospora as well and will be a better option for the environment to try first.

2. Phyllosticta Leaf Spot Fungal Infection

Like Cercospora, Phyllosticta is a fungal disease that needs two factors to flourish, moisture and poor air circulation.

Phyllosticta causes circular or irregular-shaped leaf spots with brown or reddish borders. The sites can be small or sizeably covering a large portion of the leaf.

Initial symptoms of Phyllosticta include tiny water-soaked lesions on the Grevilleas leaves. The lesions become more apparent as the infection progresses, displaying a ring-like pattern carrying minuscule, black fungal fruiting bodies in older Phyllosticta spots. In addition, some sites tend to leave holes in the foliage when they drop out.

Other symptoms of Phyllosticta fungal infections include premature yellowing foliage.

Treatments for Phyllosticta spots include watering the Grevillea’s soil without touching the foliage. An alternative cure is to spray a mild solution of bicarbonate of soda (Baking Soda), using 1/2 teaspoon per gallon of water.

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3. Cinnamon Fungus

Cinnamon fungus, or Phytopthera cinnamomi, is another fungal disease that can kill your Grevillea. Cinnamon fungus is a microscopic, soil-borne disease that destroys root systems, causing Grevillea and other infected plants to die because of the inability to absorb nutrients and water.

Grevillea’s growing in soggy conditions for extended periods are particularly susceptible to Cinnamon fungus. Common symptoms include orange or reddish-brown streaks under the plant’s bark and wilting foliage that turn yellow, red, or purplish.

Young Grevillea plants are most susceptible to dying as a result of their small root systems.

Prevent Cinnamon fungus attacks by providing Grevillea with good drainage and preventing soggy soil. In addition, try to avoid watering the trunk and foliage of Grevillea.                                                     

4. Honey Fungus

Honey fungus or Armillaria root rot is a disease that occurs in soil with poor drainage. Armillaria symptoms start slowly, and because it affects the plant’s roots first, it can be challenging to identify at an early stage. Unfortunately, Armillaria can persist for several years before any above-ground symptoms emerge.

Once Armillaria starts to progress, it is challenging to arrest its effects. Symptoms of Armillaria include limb dieback, wilted, limp, and yellowing foliage. In addition, keep an eye out for creamy white fungal mats growing between the Grevillea’s bark and wood and black threadlike structures growing on its roots.

Lastly, honey-colored mushrooms (hence the name) may grow around the base of the Grevillea in the fall.

Sadly, there isn’t a definitive treatment for Armillaria root rot, and it can kill Grevillea within two years. You can, however, manage the disease by exposing the root collar to air during its growing season, and consistently remove infected Grevilleas.

5. Sooty Mold

Sooty mold is a common fungal infection that grows on Grevillea and other plants covered in honeydew, a sticky substance created by insects like aphids and mealybugs. Fortunately, sooty mold doesn’t kill Grevillea; it is more of an aesthetic problem growing on parts of the Grevillea plant with honeydew deposits.

Sooty mold forms a grayish-black, crusty fungal coating on the Grevillea’s foliage.

Even though sooty mold doesn’t infect the Grevillea plant, the mold indirectly damages the plant’s foliage due to the thick mold layer preventing sunlight from reaching the leaf’s surface. A sunlight shortage reduces photosynthesis, ultimately stunting the Grevillea’s growth. Densely coated leaves also cause premature aging and leaf drop.

Remove sooty mold by gently rubbing or washing the Grevillea’s leaves with water and control the spread of sooty mold by controlling pests that create honeydew.

6. Scale

Scale insects are pests protected with a waxy shell that feeds on Grevillea’s foliage and causes considerable damage, including the leaves to yellow and stems dying back; unhealthy plants may even die.

Scale varies in size, shape, and color, but you’ll most often notice them as white or brown, tiny, round lumps covering Grevillea’s leaves and stems.

To remove scale from Grevillea, wipe off the plant using an insecticide soap or neem oil. If the infestation is severe, consider using a chemical poison to rid of the scale.

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7. Over-Fertilization Can Cause Problems For Grevillea

Like many other species of the Protea family, Grevillea has a unique root system with tight groupings of tiny roots enabling the plant to absorb nutrients speedily. So, in cultivation, fertilization adversely affects the Grevillea, especially fertilizer high in phosphorus.

Burnt leaves are a common indication of phosphorous toxicity. Unfortunately, phosphorous toxicity is fatal to Grevillea and often does not show symptoms until it’s too late.

Excess phosphorous can lead to poisoning in a Grevillea, causing it to die. Therefore, consider fertilizing Grevillea with low-phosphorus and slow-release fertilizers.

8. Caterpillars Can Cause Problems For Grevillea

The Grevillea leaf miner and larvae of various moths, butterflies, flies, and beetles can be pretty voracious, affecting and stripping the growth of Grevillea.

The Looper caterpillar is especially prone to feed on Grevillea, rapidly defoliating the Grevillea foliage. They also create webbing and frass, problematic to Grevillea.

Consider using ladybirds, assassin bugs, or damsel bugs to eat larvae. Creating a habitat welcoming to birds that prey on these damaging insects can also reduce the problem.

Grevillea Plants

Conclusion

Even though Grevilleas are generally hardy, they occasionally experience various problems.

The more common problems among Grevilleas include fungal infections, including Cercospora, Phyllosticta, Cinnamon fungus, Honey fungus, and Sooty mold. Other conditions are scale, over-fertilizing, and caterpillars.

Ensure that the Grevillea has well-draining soil conditions to prevent soggy soil and fungal infections. In addition, avoid over-fertilizing the Grevillea with phosphorous.

With the right conditions, you’ll have a beautiful accent year-round.

This Post Has 8 Comments

  1. Nancye Cowan

    Are there allergy problems with Grevillia?

    1. Harold Thornbro

      I’m not sure about that. You might try some forums like Reddit or Quora for an answer.

      1. Nell

        We are rural. I have roped off my Grevilleas so that the cows can’t destroy them. Do cows or for that matter donkeys eat Grevilleas? They have grown enough to removed ropes but wanting to check first if they will be eaten before I take it away as if they will I will put up something more permanent. I would be happy for the animals to eat the grass in that area…

  2. Helen

    Our Moonlight Grevillia was a beautiful big healthy tree. All of a sudden it snapped off at the base and looks like something had been eating the trunk. Have you any suggestions what could of done this, as I have more Grevillea plants. Thank you.

    1. Harold Thornbro

      It sounds like your Moonlight Grevillea may have been attacked by borers like sawfly larvae or timber moth caterpillars, or suffered from root rot, both of which can cause a plant to snap at the base. To protect your other Grevilleas inspect them for signs of pests or symptoms, and consider consulting a local plant expert or arborist for specific advice. Early detection and quick action are key.

    2. Micaela

      I’d like to know too, I have two very large healthy 11 year old trees. They both suddenly fell over, looks like the trunk just deteriorated all the way through. Roots still in the ground and leaves still green. I’m so disappointed, they were beautiful and attracted so many birds.

  3. Ina

    My grevillea’s leave are turning to a grayish green color . I do not see any signs of a fungus or any of the other problems you have noted. Do you have an idea of what the problem may be? Thank you.

    1. Harold Thornbro

      That color of leaves is often indicative of root rot, either because of too much water or a fungal disease called Rhizoctonia.

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